CAAB - every Tue 5pm USAF NSA Menwith Hill, Yorkshire

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CAAB - every Tue 5pm USAF NSA Menwith Hill, Yorkshire

Post by Frazzel »

Counter Terror Tuesdays: Call the US Embassy in London
for CAAB | 11.03.2013 22:19 | Anti-militarism | Terror War | Sheffield | World

They say Terror Tuesdays. We say Counter Terror Tuesdays.

Call the US Embassy in London every Tuesday.

Protest Obama's Tuesday meetings where he chooses new targets from his 'kill list' of men, women and children.

Please ring the US Embassy in London: 020 7499 9000 (24 Grosvenor Square London W1A 2LQ) or any other US Embassy round the world this Tuesday and every Tuesday - a small thing to do friends in the comfort of your home. Please send this on to as many people as possible in your contact lists. I will be ringing them too.

More info: Counter Terror Tuesdays.

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Post by TonyGosling »

The US Defense Budget for Fiscal Year 2017 has just been released. Amongst the details is confirmation that USAF Croughton has got funding for phase II development of the intelligence center (US spelling). They are also asking for an additional $70M in 2017 for the final phase of the intelligence center consolidation – and about the same for the replacement of the school facilities for civilians onsite.
The plans will make USAF Croughton into an intelligence hub as important as NSA/NRO Menwith Hill near Harrogate North Yorkshire.
More details to follow. ... t-proposal
CAAB Spring 2016 Newsletter
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Post by TonyGosling »

Trident & Snowden: MoD police & peace campaigners at RAF/NSA Menwith Hill
1 day ago - 35 min - Uploaded by Peter Borenius
Sarah Swift & Brigid-Mary Oates join Tony Gosling outside RAF Menwith Hill in Yorkshire on the hottest day of the year (19Jul16)

Sarah Swift & Brigid-Mary Oates join Tony Gosling outside RAF Menwith Hill in Yorkshire home to the US National Security Agency. MoD Police Sgt Dougie Page introduces the 'official' version of what RAF Menwith Hill is there for. We then go on to discuss attempts by the US to restrict protests at the base and stop people talking to the staff as they go in and out. What is Menwith Hill's and militarism's role in the modern world? Is the spending on the base justified? What about Britain's relationship with the US? What do the British get out of it? The House of Commons voted yesterday to renew Trident nuclear ballistic missile submarine force but does it cost the widely reported £30bn, or £205bn as The Guardian reported? ... isarmament
RAF Menwith Hill base is used for US surveillance within Britain, surely the US need to do that to keep us safe? and what have the Edward Snowden revelations taught us about that relationship?
Notes: NSA/NRO Menwith Hill is the largest US intelligence-gathering, interception and surveillance base outside the US, however, a £200 million expansion is planned for USAF Croughton near Oxford which will become the Joint Analysis and Intelligence Center and will then be as important as NSA/NRO Menwith Hill - although there will probably be about 9/10 radomes at Croughton (5 at the moment) and NSA/NRO Menwith Hill has 33/34. The JIAC at Molesworth is closing sometime in 2020 and will move to Croughton (AFRICOM is based at the JIAC at Molesworth and will probably be transferred to Croughton).
NSA/NRO Menwith Hill is part of the global network of Signal Intelligence (SIGINT) bases. Two of the 33/34 radomes currently on the site form part of the Space Based Infra Red System (SBIRS), a key component of the US Missile Defense System. It is now the designated Regional Security Operations Centre for Europe, North Africa, the Middle East and the Indian Ocean.
Successive UK Governments have complied with this expansion and specialisation without any public or parliamentary discussion, and with no democratic oversight, ignoring dangers posed by the continued presence and methods of functioning of the base.
The British government colludes with the NSA to shroud its illegal operations in total secrecy, using national security as a convenient smokescreen, preventing public debate and comments on its intelligence functions.

CAAB campaigns to raise public awareness, and for scrutiny and accountability of US overseas bases, and highlights the secrecy and disinformation surrounding US bases in Britain and the inadequacies of democratic oversight and accountability.

US bases in Britain are called RAF bases in order to hide the extent of the US presence. There are at least ten bases in England. The RAF Commanders are liason officers with no right to interfere with anything that the Americans do on the bases.
In 1996 Menwith Hill was designated 'RAF' Menwith Hill in order to validate the military bylaws which apply to UK military bases under the Military Lands Act of 1892. Apparently "This was simply an administrative change to bring the base into line with other RAF sites made available by the Ministry of Defence to the United States Government".
The Military Land Bylaws were first brought in as a reaction to the protest against Cruise missiles at Greenham Common in April 1985 by the then Secretary of State for Defence, Michael Heseltine.
The intention was to make trespass a criminal offence and therefore arrestable and so people could be criminalised to stop their actions of resistance.
Campaigners tested and challenged the bylaws and there were many arrests and court cases which lead to the disclosure of a number of documents revealing the history of how a small group of people in London made the decision to hand over vast areas of land to the US visiting forces in the late 40s/early 50s (the 'NATO Status of Forces Agreement'), and that the land was compulsorily purchased at the request of the US. Among the documents disclosed were details of the 'Security of Tenure' agreement which allowed the Americans use of the land for 21 years, renewable every 21 years, on request of the USAF. There were also details of how bases should be referred to as 'RAF' and not USAF.
The bylaws cases provided an unprecedented opportunity to expose the connivance of the UK State Legislative/Executive/Judicial structures with the Pentagon in support of US bases in Britain.

NSA/NRO Menwith Hill received awards for its support to US naval operations in the Persian Gulf from 1987 to 1988 and in 1991 for support of the Iraqi war operations Desert Storm and Desert Shield. (High-resolution satellite imagery and signals intelligence played a vital role in identifying military targets in Iraq. Signals intelligence was used to identify key Iraqi military command, control, communications and intelligence facilities that became priority targets for the US offensive.)
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Post by fish5133 »

The other way to visit Menwith Hill RAF Base
"for we wrestle not against flesh and blood but against principalities, against powers, against rulers of the darkness of this world, against wicked spirits in high places " Eph.6 v 12
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Post by Whitehall_Bin_Men »

The NSA’s British Base at the Heart of U.S. Targeted Killing
Ryan Gallagher Sep. 6 2016, 10:05 a.m. ... veillance/

THE NARROW ROADS are quiet and winding, surrounded by rolling green fields and few visible signs of life beyond the occasional herd of sheep. But on the horizon, massive white golf ball-like domes protrude from the earth, protected behind a perimeter fence that is topped with piercing razor wire. Here, in the heart of the tranquil English countryside, is the National Security Agency’s largest overseas spying base.

Once known only by the code name Field Station 8613, the secret base — now called Menwith Hill Station — is located about nine miles west of the small town of Harrogate in North Yorkshire. Originally used to monitor Soviet communications through the Cold War, its focus has since dramatically shifted, and today it is a vital part of the NSA’s sprawling global surveillance network.

For years, journalists and researchers have speculated about what really goes on inside Menwith Hill, while human rights groups and some politicians have campaigned for more transparency about its activities. Yet the British government has steadfastly refused to comment, citing a longstanding policy not to discuss matters related to national security.

Now, however, top-secret documents obtained by The Intercept offer an unprecedented glimpse behind Menwith Hill’s razor wire fence. The files reveal for the first time how the NSA has used the British base to aid “a significant number of capture-kill operations” across the Middle East and North Africa, fueled by powerful eavesdropping technology that can harvest data from more than 300 million emails and phone calls a day.

Over the past decade, the documents show, the NSA has pioneered groundbreaking new spying programs at Menwith Hill to pinpoint the locations of suspected terrorists accessing the internet in remote parts of the world. The programs — with names such as GHOSTHUNTER and GHOSTWOLF — have provided support for conventional British and American military operations in Iraq and Afghanistan. But they have also aided covert missions in countries where the U.S. has not declared war. NSA employees at Menwith Hill have collaborated on a project to help “eliminate” terrorism targets in Yemen, for example, where the U.S. has waged a controversial drone bombing campaign that has resulted in dozens of civilian deaths.

The disclosures about Menwith Hill raise new questions about the extent of British complicity in U.S. drone strikes and other so-called targeted killing missions, which may in some cases have violated international laws or constituted war crimes. Successive U.K. governments have publicly stated that all activities at the base are carried out with the “full knowledge and consent” of British officials.

The revelations are “yet another example of the unacceptable level of secrecy that surrounds U.K. involvement in the U.S. ‘targeted killing’ program,” Kat Craig, legal director of London-based human rights group Reprieve, told The Intercept.

“It is now imperative that the prime minister comes clean about U.K. involvement in targeted killing,” Craig said, “to ensure that British personnel and resources are not implicated in illegal and immoral activities.”

The British government’s Ministry of Defence, which handles media inquires related to Menwith Hill, declined to comment for this story.

The NSA referred a request for comment to the Director of National Intelligence’s office.

Richard Kolko, a spokesperson for the DNI, said in a statement: “The men and women serving the intelligence community safeguard U.S. national security by collecting information, conducting analysis, and providing intelligence for informed decision making under a strict set of laws, policies and guidelines. This mission protects our nation and others around the world.”

MenwithHill_03 Menwith Hill on March 11, 2014. Photo: Trevor Paglen
THE EQUIPMENT AT Menwith Hill covers roughly one square mile, which is patrolled 24 hours a day by armed British military police and monitored by cameras perched on posts that peer down on almost every section of the 10-foot perimeter fence.
Most visible from the outside are a cluster of about 30 of the giant white domes. But the site also houses a self-contained community, accessible only to those with security clearance. Among operations buildings in which analysts listen in on monitored conversations, there is a bowling alley, a small pool hall, a bar, a fast food restaurant, and a general store.

Most of the world’s international phone calls, internet traffic, emails, and other communications are sent over a network of undersea cables that connect countries like giant arteries. At spy outposts across the world, the NSA and its partners tap into these cables to monitor the data flowing through them. But Menwith Hill is focused on a different kind of surveillance: eavesdropping on communications as they are being transmitted through the air.

According to top-secret documents obtained by The Intercept from NSA whistleblower Edward Snowden, Menwith Hill has two main spying capabilities. The first is called FORNSAT, which uses powerful antennae contained within the golf ball-like domes to eavesdrop on communications as they are being beamed between foreign satellites. The second is called OVERHEAD, which uses U.S. government satellites orbiting above targeted countries to locate and monitor wireless communications on the ground below — such as cellphone calls and even WiFi traffic.

A spy satellite launched in 2009 and operated from Menwith Hill. Its role was to intercept communications flowing across “commercial satellite uplinks,” according to NSA documents.
In the late 1980s, international communication networks were revolutionized by new fiber-optic undersea cables. The technology was cheaper than satellites and could transmit data across the world much faster than ever before, at almost the speed of light. For this reason, according to the NSA’s documents, in the mid-1990s the U.S. intelligence community was convinced that satellite communications would soon become obsolete, to be fully replaced by fiber-optic cable networks.
But the prediction proved to be wrong. And millions of phone calls are still beamed between satellites today, alongside troves of internet data, which the NSA has readily exploited at Menwith Hill.

“The commercial satellite communication business is alive and well and bursting at the seams with increasingly sophisticated bulk DNI (Digital Network Intelligence) traffic that is largely unencrypted,” the NSA reported in a 2006 document. “This data source alone provides more data for Menwith Hill analysts to sift through than our entire enterprise had to deal with in the not-so-distant past.”

The U.S. and U.K. governments have actively misled the public for years through a “cover story.”
As of 2009, Menwith Hill’s foreign satellite surveillance mission, code-named MOONPENNY, was monitoring 163 different satellite data links. The intercepted communications were funneled into a variety of different repositories storing phone calls, text messages, emails, internet browsing histories, and other data.

It is not clear precisely how many communications Menwith Hill is capable of tapping into at any one time, but the NSA’s documents indicate the number is extremely large. In a single 12-hour period in May 2011, for instance, its surveillance systems logged more than 335 million metadata records, which reveal information such as the sender and recipient of an email, or the phone numbers someone called and at what time.

To keep information about Menwith Hill’s surveillance role secret, the U.S. and U.K. governments have actively misled the public for years through a “cover story” portraying the base as a facility used to provide “rapid radio relay and conduct communications research.” A classified U.S. document, dated from 2005, cautioned spy agency employees against revealing the truth. “It is important to know the established cover story for MHS [Menwith Hill Station] and to protect the fact that MHS is an intelligence collection facility,” the document stated. “Any reference to satellites being operated or any connection to intelligence gathering is strictly prohibited.”

MenwithHill_04 Menwith Hill Station on March 11, 2014. Photo: Trevor Paglen
THE OUTPOST WAS built in the 1950s as part of a deal made by the British and American governments to house U.S. personnel and surveillance equipment. In its early days, Menwith Hill’s technology was much more primitive. According to Kenneth Bird, who worked at the base in the 1960s during the Cold War, it was focused then on monitoring telephone communications in Eastern Europe. Intercepted conversations were recorded on Ampex tape recorders, Bird noted in his published 1997 account, with some calls transcribed by analysts in real-time using typewriters.

The modern Menwith Hill is a very different place. Now, not only are its spying systems capable of vacuuming up far more communications, but they also have a far broader geographic reach. In addition, the targets of the surveillance have drastically changed, as have the purposes for which the eavesdropping is carried out.

The documents obtained by The Intercept reveal that spy satellites operated at Menwith Hill today can target communications in China and Latin America, and also provide “continuous coverage of the majority of the Eurasian landmass,” where they intercept “tactical military, scientific, political, and economic communications signals.” But perhaps the most significant role the base has played in recent years has been in the Middle East and North Africa.

Especially in remote parts of the world where there are no fiber-optic cable links, it is common for internet connections and phone calls to be routed over satellite. Consequently, Menwith Hill became a vital asset in the U.S. government’s counterterrorism campaign after the 9/11 attacks. Since then, the base has been used extensively to tap into communications in otherwise hard-to-reach areas where Islamic extremist groups such as al Qaeda and al Shabaab have been known to operate — for example, in the Afghanistan-Pakistan border region, Somalia, and Yemen.

An aerial image captured by a U.S. satellite in support of a covert GHOSTHUNTER operation.
Crucially, however, Menwith Hill has been used for more than just gathering intelligence on people and governments across countries in the Middle East and North Africa. Surveillance tools such as the GHOSTHUNTER system were developed to directly aid military operations, pinpointing the locations of targeted people or groups so that they could then be captured or killed.
The NSA’s documents describe GHOSTHUNTER as a means “to locate targets when they log onto the internet.” It was first developed in 2006 as “the only capability of its kind” and it enabled “a significant number of capture-kill operations” against alleged terrorists. Only a few specific examples are given, but those cases give a remarkable insight into the extraordinary power of the technology.

In 2007, for instance, analysts at Menwith Hill used GHOSTHUNTER to help track down a suspected al Qaeda “facilitator” in Lebanon who was described as “highly actionable,” meaning he had been deemed a legitimate target to kill or capture. The location of the target — who was known by several names, including Abu Sumayah — was traced to within a few hundred meters based on intercepts of his communications. Then a spy satellite took an aerial photograph of the neighborhood in Sidon, south Lebanon, in which he was believed to be living, mapping out the surrounding streets and houses. A top-secret document detailing the surveillance indicates that the information was to be passed to a secretive special operations unit known as Task Force 11-9, which would have been equipped to conduct a covert raid to kill or capture Sumayah. The outcome of the operation, however, is unclear, as it is not revealed in the document.

In another case in 2007, GHOSTHUNTER was used to identify an alleged al Qaeda “weapons procurer” in Iraq named Abu Sayf. The NSA’s surveillance systems spotted Sayf logging into Yahoo email or messenger accounts at an internet cafe near a mosque in Anah, a town on the Euphrates River that is about 200 miles northwest of Baghdad. Analysts at Menwith Hill used GHOSTHUNTER to track down his location and spy satellites operated from the British base captured aerial images. This information was passed to U.S. military commanders based in Fallujah to be included as part of a “targeting plan.”

A few days later, a special operations unit named Task Force-16 stormed two properties, where they detained Sayf, his father, two brothers, and five associates.

By 2008, the apparent popularity of GHOSTHUNTER within the intelligence community meant that it was rolled out at other surveillance bases where NSA has a presence, including in Ayios Nikolaos, Cyprus, and Misawa, Japan. The expansion of the capability to the other bases meant that it now had “near-global coverage.” But Menwith Hill remained its most important surveillance site. “[Menwith Hill] still supplies about 99% of the FORNSAT data used in GHOSTHUNTER geolocations,” noted a January 2008 document about the program.

A 2009 document added that GHOSTHUNTER’s focus was at that time “on geolocation of internet cafés in the Middle East/North Africa region in support of U.S. military operations” and said that it had to date “successfully geolocated over 5,000 VSAT terminals in Iraq, Afghanistan, Syria, Lebanon, and Iran.” VSAT, or Very Small Aperture Terminal, is a satellite system commonly used by internet cafés and foreign governments in the Middle East to send and receive communications and data. GHOSTHUNTER could also home in on VSATs in Pakistan, Somalia, Algeria, the Philippines, Mali, Kenya, and Sudan, the documents indicate.

Menwith Hill’s unique ability to track down satellite devices across the world at times placed it on the front line of conflicts thousands of miles away. In Afghanistan, for instance, analysts at the base used the VSAT surveillance to help track down suspected members of the Taliban, which led to “approximately 30 enemy killed” during one series of attacks that were mentioned in a top-secret July 2011 report. In early 2012, Menwith Hill’s analysts were again called upon to track down a VSAT: this time, to assist British special forces in Afghanistan’s Helmand Province. The terminal was swiftly located, and within an hour an MQ-9 Reaper drone was dispatched to the area, presumably to launch an airstrike.

But the lethal use of the surveillance data does not appear to have been restricted to conventional war zones such as Afghanistan or Iraq. The NSA developed similar methods at Menwith Hill to track down terror suspects in Yemen, where the U.S. has waged a covert drone war against militants associated with al Qaeda in the Northern Peninsula.

In early 2010, the agency revealed in an internal report that it had launched a new technique at the British base to identify many targets “at almost 40 different geolocated internet cafés” in Yemen’s Shabwah province and in the country’s capital, Sanaa. The technique, the document revealed, was linked to a broader classified initiative called GHOSTWOLF, described as a project to “capture or eliminate key nodes in terrorist networks” by focusing primarily on “providing actionable geolocation intelligence derived from [surveillance] to customers and their operational components.”

The description of GHOSTWOLF ties Menwith Hill to lethal operations in Yemen, providing the first documentary evidence that directly implicates the U.K. in covert actions in the country.

MenwithHill_hero Menwith Hill, March 13, 2013. Photo: Trevor Paglen
MENWITH HILL’S PREVIOUSLY undisclosed role aiding the so-called targeted killing of terror suspects highlights the extent of the British government’s apparent complicity in controversial U.S. attacks — and raises questions about the legality of the secret operations carried out from the base.

There are some 2,200 personnel at Menwith Hill, the majority of whom are Americans. Alongside NSA employees within the complex, the U.S. National Reconnaissance Office also has a major presence at the site, running its own “ground station” from which it controls a number of spy satellites.

But the British government has publicly asserted as recently as 2014 that operations at the base “have always been, and continue to be” carried out with its “knowledge and consent.” Moreover, roughly 600 of the personnel at the facility are from U.K. agencies, including employees of the NSA’s British counterpart Government Communications Headquarters, or GCHQ.

For several years, British human rights campaigners and lawmakers have been pressuring the government to provide information about whether it has had any role aiding U.S. targeted killing operations, yet they have been met with silence. In particular, there has been an attempt to establish whether the U.K. has aided U.S. drone bombings outside of declared war zones — in countries including Yemen, Pakistan, and Somalia — which have resulted in the deaths of hundreds of civilians and are in some cases considered by United Nations officials to possibly constitute war crimes and violations of international law.

Though the Snowden documents analyzed by The Intercept state that Menwith Hill has aided “a significant number” of “capture-kill” operations, they do not reveal specific details about all of the incidents that resulted in fatalities. What is clear, however, is that the base has targeted countries such as Yemen, Pakistan, and Somalia as part of location-tracking programs like GHOSTHUNTER and GHOSTWOLF — which were created to help pinpoint individuals so they could be captured or killed — suggesting it has played a part in drone strikes in these countries.

“An individual involved in passing that information is likely to be an accessory to murder.”
Craig, the legal director at Reprieve, reviewed the Menwith Hill documents — and said that they indicated British complicity in covert U.S. drone attacks. “For years, Reprieve and others have sought clarification from the British government about the role of U.K. bases in the U.S. covert drone program, which has killed large numbers of civilians in countries where we are not at war,” she told The Intercept. “We were palmed off with platitudes and reassured that any U.S. activities on or involving British bases were fully compliant with domestic and international legal provisions. It now appears that this was far from the truth.”

Jemima Stratford QC, a leading British human rights lawyer, told The Intercept that there were “serious questions to be asked and serious arguments to be made” about the legality of the lethal operations aided from Menwith Hill. The operations, Stratford said, could have violated the European Convention on Human Rights, an international treaty that the U.K. still remains bound to despite its recent vote to leave the European Union. Article 2 of the Convention protects the “right to life” and states that “no one shall be deprived of his life intentionally” except when it is ordered by a court as a punishment for a crime.

Stratford has previously warned that if British officials have facilitated covert U.S. drone strikes outside of declared war zones, they could even be implicated in murder. In 2014, she advised members of the U.K. Parliament that because the U.S. is not at war with countries such as Yemen or Pakistan, in the context of English and international law, the individuals who are targeted by drones in these countries are not “combatants” and their killers are not entitled to “combatant immunity.”

“If the U.K. government knows that it is transferring data that may be used for drone strikes against non-combatants … that transfer is probably unlawful,” Stratford told the members of Parliament. “An individual involved in passing that information is likely to be an accessory to murder.”

GCHQ refused to answer questions for this story, citing a “long standing policy that we do not comment on intelligence matters.” A spokesperson for the agency issued a generic statement asserting that “all of GCHQ’s work is carried out in accordance with a strict legal and policy framework, which ensures that our activities are authorised, necessary and proportionate, and that there is rigorous oversight.” The spokesperson insisted that “U.K.’s interception regime is entirely compatible with the European Convention on Human Rights.”

MenwithHill_05 A Gate at Menwith Hill Station prohibiting entrance on March 12, 2014. Photo: Trevor Paglen
IN FEBRUARY 2014, the U.S. Department of Defense announced after a review that it was planning to reduce personnel at Menwith Hill by 2016, with about 500 service members and civilians set to be removed from the site. A U.S. Air Force spokesperson told the military newspaper Stars and Stripes that the decision was based on technological advances, which he declined to discuss, though he mentioned improvements in “server capacity to the hardware that we’re using; we’re doing more with less.”

The documents provided by Snowden shine light on some of the specific technological changes. Most notably, they show that there has been significant investment in introducing new and more sophisticated mass surveillance systems at Menwith Hill in recent years. A crucial moment came in 2008, when then-NSA Director Keith Alexander introduced a radical shift in policy. Visiting Menwith Hill in June that year, Alexander set a challenge for employees at the base. “Why can’t we collect all the signals, all the time?” he said, according to NSA documents. “Sounds like a good summer homework project for Menwith.”

As a result, a new “collection posture” was introduced at the base, the aim being to “collect it all, process it all, exploit it all.” In other words, it would vacuum up as many communications within its reach as technologically possible.

Between 2009 and 2012, Menwith Hill spent more than $40 million on a massive new 95,000-square-foot operations building — nearly twice the size of an average American football field. A large chunk of this space — 10,000 square feet — was set aside for a data center that boasted the ability to store huge troves of intercepted communications. During the renovations, the NSA shipped in new computer systems and laid 182 miles of cables, enough to stretch from New York City to the outskirts of Boston. The agency also had a 200-seat-capacity auditorium constructed to host classified operations meetings and other events.

“How can Menwith carry out operations of which there is absolutely no accountability to the public?”
Some of the extensive expansion work was visible from the road outside the secure complex, which triggered protests from a local activist group called the Campaign for the Accountability of American Bases. Since the early 1990s, the group has closely monitored activities at Menwith Hill. And for the last 16 years, its members have held a small demonstration every Tuesday outside the base’s main entrance, greeting NSA employees with flags and colorful homemade banners bearing slogans critical of U.S. foreign policy and drone strikes.

Fabian Hamilton, a member of Parliament based in the nearby city of Leeds, has become a supporter of the campaign’s work, occasionally attending events organized by the group and advocating for more transparency at Menwith Hill. Hamilton, who represents the Labour Party, has doggedly attempted to find out basic information about the base, asking the government at least 40 parliamentary questions since 2010 about its activities. He has sought clarification on a variety of issues, such as how many U.S. personnel are stationed at the site, whether it is involved in conducting drone strikes, and whether members of a British parliamentary oversight committee have been given full access to review its operations. But his efforts have been repeatedly stonewalled, with British government officials refusing to provide any details on the grounds of national security.

Hamilton told The Intercept that he found the secrecy shrouding Menwith Hill to be “offensive.” The revelations about the role it has played in U.S. killing and capture operations, he said, showed there needed to be a full review of its operations. “Any nation-state that uses military means to attack any target, whether it is a terrorist, whether it is legitimate or not, has to be accountable to its electorate for what it does,” Hamilton said. “That’s the basis of our Parliament, it’s the basis of our whole democratic system. How can we say that Menwith can carry out operations of which there is absolutely no accountability to the public? I don’t buy this idea that you say the word ‘security’ and nobody can know anything. We need to know what is being done in our name.”

Documents published with this article:

Elegant Chaos: collect it all, exploit it all
Elegant Chaos: collect it all, exploit it all (plus notes)
Ghosthunter: only capability of its kind
Menwith satellite classification guide
UK special forces Reaper drone (Jan-Feb-2012)
Afghanistan 30 enemy killed (Jan-Feb 2012)
Project Sandstorm wifi geolocation (Jan 2011)
Yemen backhaul comms collected (Jan 2011)
New ops building at Menwith completed, fit up begins
New technique geolocates targets active at Yemeni cafes
Work is progressing on Menwith Hill Station’s new operations building
Ghosthunter and the geolocating of internet cafes
Traffic series: is your collection surveyed or sustained
APPARITION becomes a reality new corporate VSAT geolocation capability sees its first deployment
Ghosthunter goes global
Menwith continues successful counterterrorism survey along Af-Pak border
SIGINT target package leads to USMC capture of al Qaeda weapons procurer
Too much of a good thing?
Menwith initiatives maximizing our access
GSM tower mapping made easier and more accurate with new tool
Ghosthunter future capabilities (2008)
New tool combines multi agency databases for complete target snapshot
GSM tower geolocation
Menwith collection assets
Menwith databases as of Aug 2008
Ghosthunter tasking process
Apparition/Ghosthunter tasking info
Ryan Gallagher

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'Suppression of truth, human spirit and the holy chord of justice never works long-term. Something the suppressors never get.' David Southwell
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Post by TonyGosling »

Snowden: GHOSTHUNTER at RAF Menwith Hill, war criminals target drone assassinations, Tony Gosling

Campaign for Accountability of American Bases (CAAB) Demonstration every Tuesday 6 – 7:30 pm
Off A59 Harrogate to Skipton
Then turn off B6451 Otley to Summerbridge
RAF Menwith Hill, Menwith Hill Road, nr. Harrogate, North Yorkshire HG3 2RF
CAAB protest via Robin Wilson 01423 540423
USAF Menwith Hill direct 01423 777817

Trident & Snowden: MoD police & peace campaigners at RAF/NSA Menwith Hill weekly protest 19Jul2016

War Plan UK
By Duncan Campbell
Year: 1983 Pub: Paladin
Secret civil defence plans stress sealing off roads against refugees, interning protestors and pacifists, and impounding food and fuel supplies.
There will be no rescue and no medical aid for the trapped and dying in the aftermath of a nuclear attack.
Millions will die in nuclear target areas as a direct result of government civil defence policies.
Protection for the 'privileged few' -full details of hundreds of bunkers.

Inside Menwith Hill: NSA spy base in UK used for ‘kill or capture’ missions - Snowden leaks
Leaks by NSA whistleblower Edward Snowden have revealed how his former employer used the US spy base at Menwith Hill in Yorkshire to conduct ‘kill or capture’ missions in its global shadow war.

NSA leaks show US spooks use UK base to launch ‘kill-capture’ missions
Leaks by NSA whistleblower Edward Snowden have revealed how his former employer used the US spy base at Menwith Hill in Yorkshire to conduct ‘kill or capture’ missions in its global shadow war.
The new files published by the Intercept partly lay to rest speculation by journalists and campaigners over what really goes on at the US base.
They show that secretive NSA kill-capture operations in the Middle East have been developed and initiated from inside the base’s heavily guarded perimeter wire.
The programs, which carry names like GHOSTWOLF and GHOSTHUNTER, have been used to support conventional operations in war zones such as Afghanistan and Yemen – with which neither Britain nor the US is officially at war.
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Post by TonyGosling »

Before the wall came down - The Eastern Bloc's Menwith Hill
On a visit to the STASI on the Brocken ... ocken.html
The listening station "Urian" and the Museum remains in the Brocken house
Michael Grube and Dr. Friedhart Olek Knoller
[slight problem is that Google translates 'witch' or 'witchcraft' as 'resin'!]
The most well-known interception stations of the Eastern bloc, perhaps the most famous in Germany, were on Northern Lindsey Germany's highest mountain (1141 m). Beneficiaries of the Soviets and of the state security service (Stasi) of the GDR.
After the U.S. troops and the boulders on the 20. April 1945, had conquered, he was at 28. April 1947 in the administration of the Red army passed. Since then, Soviet troops were stationed. First, these were concerned only with security tasks, from 1955, the communications intelligence brigade 82 was then on the crest of a presence. 1949 was in the back - and-converted-opened TV tower is a Hotel with restaurant. The old and famous Brocken hotel, which was destroyed in 1945 completely. On this terrain, the Soviets established until their withdrawal in 1994, their listening devices.
With the construction of the Berlin wall in August 1961, it was over then, with all the tourism. The boulders and even the small village of Schierke, were now for the restricted area. From now on, the Soviet unit had a strength of about a hundred men, and was sent to the Soviet secret service GRU directly below. Information about military movements across Western Europe were collected from here on out, recorded and forwarded.
But, of course, the main section III of the MfS, which is responsible for the radio - and telecommunications-education had directed, their "ears" in the West and these assets technically and in terms of personnel constantly expanding. Were bugged, including B - and C-grid (car phone), the police, BGS and military radio traffic in the FRG and microwave radio links to Berlin, Munich and Hamburg/Hannover, Hamburg and Bremen, and more. The installed antennas coated best a range of 25 MHz up to the Gigahertz range.The results of the partially automatic evaluation have been forwarded by cable directly to Magdeburg and Berlin. Last between 21 and 26 Stasi did in three-shift operation in the guide with the cover name "Urian" your service and listened to up to 400 km in the "West" in.
Due to the unconventional shape of the to 1986, built the main building with its attached Radomkuppel put this promptly got a nickname: "Stasi mosque". In addition to this, the film studios in Babelsberg produced a dome made of glass-fiber-reinforced polyester resin, there were five other radomes, and multiple masts, with the finest technology from the "capitalist abroad" equipped. Apparently, they didn't trust its own technology right across the way.The Russians had to make do with mobile Standard-military technology – they drove with the radio inside vehicles just in the domes.
In the years 1973 to 1976, in addition, a 124 m high antenna mast was erected, which was used as the "mosque", mainly from the Ministry for state security. In addition, there were also civilian users – for example, the German Post sent from here from your television and radio programs, including the youth radio station "DT 64". In 1993 the tower was renovated and today serves Telekom as an antenna carrier.
On 3.In December 1989, forced the protesters access to the until then completely locked brow. The Russian soldiers were friendly, and supplied the visitors with hot tea. In may 1991, it was started with the demolition of the wall that surrounded the entire peak area in 1992, the last watchtower of the site, and until the end of March 1994, the Red Army acknowledged their buildings fell.
Since 1993, a national Park is located in the "brockenhaus"-exhibition on the history and nature of the mountain. The military past is illuminated, but is only a part of the very diverse and interesting Museum. Well worth a visit. More information is on the website
For more hints and information, we would like to thank Gerd Borchert and the staff of the Brocken house, the club's search for traces of resin region e. V. (, Mr Wolfram Richter and other contemporary witnesses. See also the photos and sources on the Urian-page of
Posted by: Michael Grube and Dr. Friedhart Knolle
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