The £2.6m Israeli 'Drone Dome' system that the Army used to defeat the Gatwick UAV after the technology was developed to fight ISIS in Syria
Police had been seen with an off-the-shelf DJI system that tracks drones
It is thought that the Gatwick drone was hacked or a non-DJI UAV
Army technology was then brought in to tackle the UAV with the 'Drone Dome'
The British military bought six of these systems in 2018 for £15.8 million
They are used in Syria to destroy ISIS UAVs and have a range of 2.1 to 6.2 miles
By JOE PINKSTONE FOR MAILONLINE
PUBLISHED: 12:17, 21 December 2018 | UPDATED: 14:52, 21 December 2018
The Army used a cutting-edge Israeli anti-drone system to defeat the unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) that brought misery to hundreds of thousands of people at Gatwick airport.
The British Army bought six 'Drone Dome' systems for £15.8 million in 2018 and the technology is used in Syria to destroy ISIS UAVs.
Police had been seen on Thursday with an off-the-shelf DJI system that tracks drones made by that manufacturer and shows officers where the operator is (DJI is the most popular commercial drone brand.)
However, the drone used at Gatwick is thought to have been either hacked or an advanced non-DJI drone, which rendered the commercial technology used by the police useless.
At that point, the Army's 'Drone Dome' system made by Rafael was called in. Details of the system are publicly available.
Army officers use a high-tech radar and a laser rangefinder to locate drones within a 2.1 and 6.2 miles radius.
Once the system has a lock on the drone, a radio frequency jammer is then used to overload the drone with signals - knocking out the commands from the unknown owner.
This can be used to make a 'soft-kill' and cease control of the unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) and land it safely.
The system also comes with a high-powered laser which can make a 'hard-kill' on drones by effectively melting them, but the British Army did not buy this version.
Army officers use a laser rangefinder and a high-tech jammer to overload the drone with signals - knocking out the commands from the unknown owner. The British Army bought six of the 'Drone Dome' system in 2018 and the technology is used in Syria to destroy ISIS UAVs
'Drone Dome' (pictured) was used by the Army to liberate Mosul in Iraq and neutralise ISIS drones but passengers trapped at Gatwick are furious the weapons were not brought in earlier
A similar system was used by British and US special forces to protect them from drones while liberating Mosul in Iraq and neutralise ISIS drones but passengers trapped at Gatwick are furious the weapons were not brought in earlier.
It is described by Rafael, an Israeli defence technology company, as an 'end-to-end system designed to provide effective airspace defence against hostile drones used by terrorists to perform aerial attacks, collect intelligence, and other intimidating activities'.
It uses four radars to give full 360° coverage to scan the entire skyline.
This detection process can spot transport aircraft from about 31 miles away but for a smaller UAV, like the one used to terrorise Gatwick, the 'Drone Dome' can only offer a detection range of between 2.1 and 6.2 miles.
It allows the authorities to perform a 'soft-kill' when the detection programme is integrated with the radio frequency jammer.
An antennae made of gallium nitrate is used and this allows the tech to be portable and easy to set up.
Police were forced to turn to the military devices dafter failing with commercially available technology.
They first tried to identify the location of the drone and its operator by using a briefcase-sized piece of commercially available equipment called AeroScope.
It is believed to be on loan at Gatwick airport from COPTRZ, a commercial drone firm based in Leeds.
It is only able to identify DJI drones from the extensive database provided by the Chinese manufacturer. It remains unclear if the drone over Gatwick was a DJI model.
George Burne, a UAV strategist at COPTRZ, told MailOnline that the device allows author
'Drone Dome' uses four radars to give full 360° coverage to scan the entire skyline. This detection process can spot transport aircraft from 31 miles away but for a smaller UAV, like the one used to terrorise Gatwick, the Drone Dome can offer a detection range of between 2.1 and 6.2 miles +10
'Drone Dome' uses four radars to give full 360° coverage to scan the entire skyline. This detection process can spot transport aircraft from 31 miles away but for a smaller UAV, like the one used to terrorise Gatwick, the Drone Dome can offer a detection range of between 2.1 and 6.2 miles
It is believed a laser rangefinder (right) and a high-tech jammer (left) were present and may have been used to overload the drone with signals - knocking out the commands from the unknown owner
The DJI Aerospace AeroScope device (pictured left), a briefcase-sized machine with two protruding antennae, was spotted being used by police on a rooftop around Gatwick. It is designed to detect drones by manipulating the radio frequency it is operated on
The AeroScope uses the drone's GPS (pictured) to find location, flight path and even its home location. With sufficient time, specialists can utilise the GPS capacity of the drone to identify the location of the perpetrator, where the drone is, its make and model and also the flight-path the machine has been on
It is a complex piece of equipment which is designed to detect drones by manipulating the radio frequency it is operated on.
With sufficient time, specialists can utilise the GPS capacity of the drone to identify the location of the perpetrator, where the drone is, its make and model and also the flight-path the machine has been on.
Once police have this information, they are able to active a feature which is in-built in all drones known as 'return to home'.
This ground-based device is used throughout industry and at many events to ensure protection from drones.
'The detection system is able to pick up frequencies from up to 20 km (12 miles) away and gives a huge radius to spot the machines,' Mr Burne told MailOnline.
'By identifying the signal from the drone, the authorities would be able to know everything about the drone and its operator.'
This ground-based device is used throughout industry and at many events to ensure protection from drones. 'The detection system is able to pick up frequencies from up to 20 km (12 miles) away and gives a huge radius to spot the machines,' Mr George Burne, a UAV strategist, told MailOnline
Timeline: How the drone chaos at Gatwick Airport has unfolded
After a drone caused chaos for tens of thousands of passengers at Gatwick Airport, we look at how the events have unfolded so far:
9pm - Gatwick suspends flights in and out of the airport after reports of two drones flying near the airfield. Some planes are diverted to other airports.
3am - The runway reopens
3.45am - The runway shuts again after a further report of drone sightings
10.20am - Sussex Police reveal the flying of drones close to the airfield is 'a deliberate act to disrupt the airport', but 'there are absolutely no indications to suggest this is terror related'
12.20pm - The airport's chief operating officer Chris Woodroofe says around 110,000 passengers are due to travel on Thursday, most of whom will see cancellations and disruptions.
3.50pm - The Ministry of Defence says police are in 'ongoing discussions' with the Army about assisting with the operation to find the drones.
5.50pm - Gatwick's chief executive officer Stewart Wingate says the drone flights are 'highly targeted' and have 'been designed to close the airport and bring maximum disruption in the run up to Christmas'.
9.30pm - Mr Woodroofe says the airport will remain closed for the rest of the evening after drone activity was reported 'within the last hour'.
9.30pm - Detective Chief Superintendent Jason Tingley, of Sussex Police, says there have been more than 50 sightings of the device in the past 24 hours. He reveals that shooting down the drone is a 'tactical option' being considered by police.
5.58am - According to flight tracking website Flightradar24, a plane from East Midlands Airport lands at Gatwick.
6.30am - Gatwick Airport says the runway is 'currently available' and that a 'limited number' of planes are scheduled for departure and arrival.
The COPTRZ website states: 'AeroScope is able to broadcast real-time identification information including UAV serial code, make and model, UAV position, speed, latitude and ground controller location.
'This allows the operator to take mitigation action against the drone threat and at the same time dispatch law enforcement/security teams to apprehend the pilot.'
A military specification range finder and signal jammer were also seen around Gatwick in the wake of the drone furore.
This allows authorities to overwhelm the drone and perform a 'soft-kill' by ordering it to descend to the ground.
This was the first picture of the drone causing chaos at Gatwick. Flights have now resumed as Gatwick tries to clear the backlog of flights and passengers
Military grade technology allows for this to occur over far greater distances than are possible with commercial products.
The AeroScope was utilised at the latest G20 summit in Hangzhou, China to protect world leaders.
It was used to identify real-time illegal drone activity during the summit, after a 20-kilometre no-fly zone, within which drones were not permitted to take off or enter for the full five days, was ordered.
It successfully discovered 18 'infringement incidents', COPTRZ says.
An officer investigating the drone chaos at Gatwick Airport says there is no footage of the device which sparked it and it is "a possibility" there never was one.
Asked about speculation there was never such a drone flown over the airport, Detective Chief Superintendent Jason Tingley told the BBC: "Of course, that's a possibility. We are working with human beings saying they have seen something.
"Until we've got more clarity around what they've said, the detail - the time, place, direction of travel, all those types of things - and that's a big task."
The incident, which was sparked by a drone sighting on Wednesday at around 9pm, left planes stopped from coming to or from the airport.
Some 140,000 people were affected as services were delayed or cancelled.
However, Mr Tingley also said one of the "working theories" was that a damaged drone found close to the airport in Horley was responsible for causing the disruption.
"Always look at it with an open mind, but actually it's very basic common sense that a damaged drone, which may have not been there at a particular point in time has now been seen by an occupier, a member of the public, and then they've told us, 'we've found this'.
"Then we go and forensically recover it and do everything we can at that location to try and get a bit more information."
Devices to combat drones have been set up at the airport (PA)
Mr Tingley said police are running a three-pronged investigation into the alleged crime.
This is including working through information relating to "persons of interest", as well as investigating more than 67 drone sightings and forensically examining the damaged drone.
He explained the examination could be hampered by the wet weather on Friday and Saturday, which could have washed away evidence.
He also could not rule out the risk the culprits would strike again at Gatwick or another airport.
Mr Tingley said: "Someone, somewhere knows either the perpetrator or perpetrators responsible for this, or has information relating to these incidents. But secondly, our tactical response, should there be any more drone sightings, is still in place."
He added that he hopes reward money of £50,000 from Crimestoppers and an additional £10,000 from the charity's chairman Lord Ashcroft would persuade someone to come forward with the vital clue.
Following the comment on the possibility of their being no drone, Mr Tingley added: "We are actively investigating sightings of drone activity.
"We are interviewing those who have reported these sightings, are carrying out extensive house to house enquiries and carrying out a forensic examination of a damaged drone found near the perimeter of the airport near Horley, which is close to the last reported sighting."
Earlier on Saturday, it was announced a man and woman arrested over the Gatwick Airport drone chaos were released without charge.
Sussex Police said the 47-year-old man and 54-year-old woman, both from Crawley, were "no longer suspects" in the incident.
Mr Tingley said the arrests made on Friday night were as a result of a tip-off from a member of the public.
"I'm completely satisfied the arrests were lawful, bearing in mind the burden of proof and likely suspicion at the time of arrest," he said.
"Obviously we had to be sure prior to release, in terms of that investigation, they were no longer suspects."
Mr Tingley continued: "I won't apologise, but what I will say is we really do appreciate their co-operation and we have put a lot of effort and resources into supporting them when they were released from questioning."
Simon Rushton 1 day Sunday December 23rd 2018 Most Popular Google is getting into the Christmas spirit with a series of Doodles Offbeat Northerners explain why Christmas cake must be served with cheese Christmas Everything you need to know about the Big Fat Quiz of the Year Television Clip shows young homeless woman sleeping in bin saved from lorry crush News 100 best Christmas jokes and funniest festive one-liners Jokes The i newsletter News for free thinkers Police investigating the Gatwick drone sightings admit they are also considering the possibility that it’s all been one big mistake. Detectives have found one damaged drone close to the last reported sighting at Gatwick Airport giving them potential forensic clues. But so far, they have not said what type of drone they found or of there are any clues how long it has been there. Detective Chief Superintendent Jason Tingley said: “We are also going through many reports of sightings of drone activity over the last few days. “We are meticulously going through that information to see if that produces any other further lines of inquiry, and also where we may focus our efforts in terms of house-to-house inquiries, CCTV footage, and any other information that will help us work through this investigation.” Working with witnesses The fallout from the drone sightings has lasted days during one of the airport’s busiest times (Photo: John Stillwell/PA Wire) He added that there was “always a possibility that there may not have been any genuine drone activity in the first place”, but that officers were working on a range of information from members of the public, police officers and Gatwick staff who had said otherwise. “We are working with human beings saying they have seen something,” he said. He also warned it was possible the culprits would strike again at Gatwick or another airport. An emergency meeting of ministers is scheduled for Monday amid fears there will be copycat drone flights. They will discuss the security precautions at other UK airports amid accusations the Government ignored warnings from pilots and air traffic controllers of the potential threat which could be posed by drones flown into sensitive airspace. Around 1,000 flights were cancelled or diverted after drones were spotted inside the perimeter of the UK’s second biggest airport last Wednesday and approximately 140,000 passengers were affected. In the four days before Christmas Day, up to 2.5 million people are expected to arrive and depart on around 15,000 flights, and Sunday was expected to be the busiest travel day. _________________ www.lawyerscommitteefor9-11inquiry.org www.rethink911.org www.patriotsquestion911.com www.actorsandartistsfor911truth.org www.mediafor911truth.org www.pilotsfor911truth.org www.mp911truth.org www.ae911truth.org www.rl911truth.org www.stj911.org www.v911t.org www.thisweek.org.uk www.abolishwar.org.uk www.elementary.org.uk www.radio4all.net/index.php/contributor/2149 http://utangente.free.fr/2003/media2003.pdf
"The maintenance of secrets acts like a psychic poison which alienates the possessor from the community" Carl Jung
One of the things I most enjoyed about living in Russia was the absence of prissy health and safety. The doors on the Moscow metro slammed shut with a vicious crash, after a single warning, and if you were caught in them, too bad. No pathetic reopening of the doors. So nobody ever was caught in them, and trains ran fast and frequently.
On ferociously freezing days when any Western airline would have given up, Russian internal flights took off without hesitation, and arrived on time.
This is nothing to do with communism or tyranny. Israel is much the same. Russia (how can I put this?) is still a rather masculine society, in which the influence of lawyers and social workers is minimal. And I rather think that if anyone was fool enough to fly a drone over one of Moscow's major airports today, two things would happen within about half an hour. The drone would be shot out of the sky, and the person involved would be in the slammer, contemplating a lengthy spell in Siberia. If the airport ever had closed (which I doubt), it would soon be opened again.
Passengers wait for their flights at Gatwick Airport during this week's drone mayhem
When I lived there, in the 1990s, this aspect of it reminded me of the equally masculine post-war society in which I grew up.
'Just get on with it,' was a good rule, in my view, and it served us so much better than our current attitude. No doubt, the health and safety frenzy created by Margaret Thatcher and John Major (who licensed ambulance chasers here) saves some lives. But it also makes us so gutless that our very survival as a country is in question.
There's another worrying thing about the wet response to the Gatwick drone. Here we are, with our own burgeoning KGB-type organisations. There's the ludicrous MI5, lavished with public money and constantly claiming to be saving us from the supposed menace of terror.
Then there's the so-called 'British FBI', the National Crime Agency. And MI6, which also claims to know everything. We also have the gigantic secret doughnut of GCHQ, supposedly plucking the plots of the wicked from the airwaves with fantastically sophisticated devices. Not to mention the police who, having forgotten how to walk, maintain their own air force instead.
And then there is the huge industry of 'airport security', which forces innocent people to shuffle through humiliating searches, in which they must remove their clothes and have their private parts photographed by scanners, before they can get near a plane.
But all these organisations and 'security' personnel can't find a way to deal with what is, in effect, a large remote-controlled toy helicopter buzzing about near the runway. It is nothing to do with the resources available to them. It is just that they have all gone soft, like supermarket apples.
Underlying the Gatwick drone fiasco is a sinister fact. Promotion to the top in Britain today is dependent not on ones merit, but ones pliability. Cronyism is a bigger threat to UK national security than Al Qaeda and the Russians combined @ClarkeMicahhttps://t.co/6IWj6FeLBQ
'Suppression of truth, human spirit and the holy chord of justice never works long-term. Something the suppressors never get.' David Southwell
Martin Van Creveld: Let me quote General Moshe Dayan: "Israel must be like a mad dog, too dangerous to bother."
Martin Van Creveld: I'll quote Henry Kissinger: "In campaigns like this the antiterror forces lose, because they don't win, and the rebels win by not losing."
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