FAQFAQ   SearchSearch   MemberlistMemberlist  Chat Chat  UsergroupsUsergroups  CalendarCalendar RegisterRegister   ProfileProfile   Log in to check your private messagesLog in to check your private messages   Log inLog in 

Hedge fund CQS Management's CDS derivatives kill Thomas Cook

 
Post new topic   Reply to topic    9/11, 7/7 & the War on Freedom Forum Index -> Pre-Planned Economic 9/11 - Global Financial Conspiracy
View previous topic :: View next topic  
Author Message
TonyGosling
Editor
Editor


Joined: 25 Jul 2005
Posts: 16847
Location: St. Pauls, Bristol, England

PostPosted: Fri Sep 27, 2019 11:09 am    Post subject: Hedge fund CQS Management's CDS derivatives kill Thomas Cook Reply with quote

Bitter blame game over who is responsible for Thomas Cook collapse
Executives and lenders struggled to cut a ‘cancerous’ debt pile but trust broke down

https://www.ft.com/content/644571a0-de1b-11e9-b112-9624ec9edc59

Peter Fankhauser, Thomas Cook's chief executive, could not halt the slide in the share price

Alice Hancock and Daniel Thomas in London SEPTEMBER 23 2019

As the final Thomas Cook flight touched down in Manchester on Monday morning, a bitter blame game erupted as to who was responsible for the collapse of the world’s oldest travel group.

Banks, bondholders, management and the group’s largest shareholder, China’s Fosun, all came in for criticism.

Prime Minister Boris Johnson reflected on “whether the directors of these companies are properly incentivised to sort these matters out”.

Interviews with bankers, investors, bondholders and advisers for the restructuring showed that there was a serious effort — and several alternative schemes — to save the business in its last months.

“No one wanted to be the first to walk away and shoulder the blame,” said one person close to Thomas Cook. “But every time there was a solution, it seems like someone would raise the bar that much higher.”

In August, the business plan put forward by Thomas Cook’s management as part of a £900m rescue deal was reviewed by financial advisers from FTI Consulting, who concluded an additional £200m back-up loan was needed to ensure the business carried on trading through its winter season when cash is most strained.


“The company had said that they were going to go away and come up with a plan to secure this extra £200m in August but they appeared to ignore it for quite some time,” said someone close to the banks.

Nonetheless at the end of August, all parties signed up to the terms of a £900m recapitalisation plan.

In mid-September, Thomas Cook’s syndicate of 17 lenders forced the issue when they demanded the loan in “standby” equity from the travel group’s largest shareholder, the Chinese conglomerate Fosun.

The investor, already committing £450m to the agreed recapitalisation, baulked at the request — and a frantic two-week search for equity ensued even as Thomas Cook faced widespread panic among customers and suppliers that drained its cash.

An email dated September 13, shared with the Financial Times, said Fosun was “getting nervous” but was still intent on investing its £450m.

By then, though, media coverage was sowing doubt in suppliers’ and customers’ minds and narrowing the range of options.


Sources on all sides of the negotiations said that both Fosun and the banks seemed to be looking for a way out of the deal, but also without wanting to become the scapegoat for its demise.

A pair of deals brings crippling debt
Thomas Cook’s problems can be traced back to 2007 when, under the leadership of the Spanish-British businessman Manny Fontenla-Novoa, it merged with the UK holiday company MyTravel, a hotchpotch of businesses formed through mergers that brought with it a tour operator and aircraft.

Until then Thomas Cook had been solely a retail operation — selling pre-packaged package holidays from other suppliers and taking none of the risk.

The MyTravel acquisition weighed heavily on the balance sheet. At its interim results in May this year Thomas Cook wrote down a final £1.1bn of goodwill from that deal, at the same time as revealing a debt pile of £1.2bn.


According to one former executive, Mr Fontenla-Novoa’s second mistake was to merge with the Co-operative Travel in 2010, lumbering the business with a retail estate of more than 1,400 high street shops at a time when consumers had started to book holidays online. That year Mr Fontela-Novoa earned £1.2m in bonuses.

His successor Harriet Green, brought in to slash costs after Thomas Cook reached near collapse in 2011, described the company’s debt as a “cancer”. The same former executive said that when Ms Green referred to helping Thomas Cook into remission she meant “getting the banks off Thomas Cook’s back”.

A Turkish businessman who bought an 8 per cent stake in Thomas Cook less than two months ago, said in a statement to the Turkish website turizmguncel.com that he had known Thomas Cook was badly run, but added: “I didn’t know it was this badly run. You cannot make so many mistakes, one after the other.”

To service the debt alone — at an annual cost of some £170m since 2012 — the company had to send 3m customers on holiday each year.

As debt — and bad press — mounted up, customers began to lose faith in the brand that had once sent Winston Churchill and Oscar Wilde on holiday.

Despite the mounting problems, management held out hope until the end. Talks to sell its Nordic business to Triton lasted until a few days ago and a last-minute deal was agreed for a group of Spanish hoteliers to inject up to £100m of equity in an attempt to save the business for the hordes of German and British holidaymakers that migrate to the Costas every summer.


But Sunday’s meeting ended without agreement. The last hope was that the UK government would step in, but when that failed to materialise, one person said of the lenders’ position: “The conclusion was that if the government was not there then nor are we.”

A person with knowledge of the liquidation said that the insolvency was not being run as an administration because of Thomas Cook’s lack of valuable assets. Aside from its airport slots, even the profitable air fleet holds little promise: “There’s no value in the Thomas Cook airline without the Thomas Cook business,” he said.

Fosun, which said on Monday that it would “continue to increase investment and co-operation in the UK market”, has a joint venture with Thomas Cook in China and may return to buy the brand, according to the person.

Thomas Cook India, which was sold in 2012, was due to lose rights to the brand in 2024 but now is exploring purchasing it outright. “There’s an opportunity for us to evaluate keeping the Thomas Cook brand in perpetuity,” said Abraham Alapatt, head of marketing.

But whatever is extracted in the fire sale, there are still questions over the future value of the Thomas Cook — or even the concept of the package holiday. Bernstein analyst Richard Clarke said: “If you want to go on holiday, you have to take on some risk these days.”

Additional reporting by Benjamin Parkin in Mumbai

Hedge funds cash in on debt insurance
Amid the wreckage of Thomas Cook, there is at least one clear winner: the hedge funds that bought credit-default swaps that will pay out after the travel agent’s liquidation, writes Robert Smith.

CDS are derivatives that behave like insurance contracts, protecting holders against the risk a company does not repay its debts. They are not legally classed as insurance, allowing them to be freely traded by institutions with no exposure to the debt concerned.

Buyers and sellers are typically traders at hedge funds and banks. Those who sold swaps should now have to pay out to those who bought default protection.

There were $250m of CDS bets on Thomas Cook’s outstanding debt in mid-August, according to data from the International Swaps and Derivatives Association. This is a “net notional” figure that in simple terms reflects the total amount sellers could transfer to buyers in the event of a payout.

The fact that some bondholders also owned CDS added complexity to the restructuring. The lack of clarity on whether the proposed restructuring would trigger payouts on the CDS had led a group of bondholders to threaten to block a deal. That the situation unravelled so fast meant hedge funds did not have chance to veto a rescue to guarantee payouts on their swaps.

Still, the motivations of different CDS holders will probably be closely examined. There will also be renewed scrutiny of the difficulties these derivatives can add to debt restructurings.

_________________
www.lawyerscommitteefor9-11inquiry.org
www.rethink911.org
www.patriotsquestion911.com
www.actorsandartistsfor911truth.org
www.mediafor911truth.org
www.pilotsfor911truth.org
www.mp911truth.org
www.ae911truth.org
www.rl911truth.org
www.stj911.org
www.v911t.org
www.thisweek.org.uk
www.abolishwar.org.uk
www.elementary.org.uk
www.radio4all.net/index.php/contributor/2149
http://utangente.free.fr/2003/media2003.pdf
"The maintenance of secrets acts like a psychic poison which alienates the possessor from the community" Carl Jung
https://37.220.108.147/members/www.bilderberg.org/phpBB2/


Last edited by TonyGosling on Fri Sep 27, 2019 11:15 am; edited 1 time in total
Back to top
View user's profile Send private message Visit poster's website MSN Messenger
TonyGosling
Editor
Editor


Joined: 25 Jul 2005
Posts: 16847
Location: St. Pauls, Bristol, England

PostPosted: Fri Sep 27, 2019 11:10 am    Post subject: Reply with quote

Thomas Cook and RBS play blame game amid struggle for survival
https://www.telegraph.co.uk/business/2019/09/20/thomas-cook-rbs-play-b lame-game-amid-struggle-survival/

Oliver Gill
20 SEPTEMBER 2019 • 7:00PM

A row between Thomas Cook and taxpayer-controlled Royal Bank of Scotland has escalated with both sides blaming each other for taking the travel agent to the verge of collapse.

The 178-year-old company is racing to secure £200m of funding in the hope of averting a disaster that would leave more than 150,000 holidaymakers stranded.

It emerged on Friday that Thomas Cook made an 11th-hour appeal for a government bail-out after a series of tabled proposals had fallen apart in the last few days.

One of the abandoned rescue deals, first reported by Sky News, came from prominent hedge fund CQS Management, which would have provided a large portion of the extra funding.

_________________
www.lawyerscommitteefor9-11inquiry.org
www.rethink911.org
www.patriotsquestion911.com
www.actorsandartistsfor911truth.org
www.mediafor911truth.org
www.pilotsfor911truth.org
www.mp911truth.org
www.ae911truth.org
www.rl911truth.org
www.stj911.org
www.v911t.org
www.thisweek.org.uk
www.abolishwar.org.uk
www.elementary.org.uk
www.radio4all.net/index.php/contributor/2149
http://utangente.free.fr/2003/media2003.pdf
"The maintenance of secrets acts like a psychic poison which alienates the possessor from the community" Carl Jung
https://37.220.108.147/members/www.bilderberg.org/phpBB2/
Back to top
View user's profile Send private message Visit poster's website MSN Messenger
TonyGosling
Editor
Editor


Joined: 25 Jul 2005
Posts: 16847
Location: St. Pauls, Bristol, England

PostPosted: Fri Sep 27, 2019 11:23 am    Post subject: Reply with quote

CQS Asset Management 'hedge fund', founded by Conservative Party donor Sir Michael Hintze, was behind the failed rescue bid.
https://www.thisismoney.co.uk/money/markets/article-7495837/Thomas-Coo ks-failed-bosses-face-fury-small-investors-years-mismanagement.html

_________________
www.lawyerscommitteefor9-11inquiry.org
www.rethink911.org
www.patriotsquestion911.com
www.actorsandartistsfor911truth.org
www.mediafor911truth.org
www.pilotsfor911truth.org
www.mp911truth.org
www.ae911truth.org
www.rl911truth.org
www.stj911.org
www.v911t.org
www.thisweek.org.uk
www.abolishwar.org.uk
www.elementary.org.uk
www.radio4all.net/index.php/contributor/2149
http://utangente.free.fr/2003/media2003.pdf
"The maintenance of secrets acts like a psychic poison which alienates the possessor from the community" Carl Jung
https://37.220.108.147/members/www.bilderberg.org/phpBB2/
Back to top
View user's profile Send private message Visit poster's website MSN Messenger
TonyGosling
Editor
Editor


Joined: 25 Jul 2005
Posts: 16847
Location: St. Pauls, Bristol, England

PostPosted: Fri Sep 27, 2019 1:06 pm    Post subject: Reply with quote

Brexit Donor Hintze Set to Cash In on U.K. Distress
By Cecile Gutscher and Ksenia Galouchko
2 August 2019, 13:02 BST Updated on 2 August 2019, 14:52 BST
CQS hedge fund founder harbors hope for Johnson’s EU chances
‘Idiosyncratic opportunities’ in companies hit by turmoil
Michael Hintze
https://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2019-08-02/brexit-donor-hintze -sees-gains-from-cashing-in-on-u-k-distress

Michael Hintze donated 100,000 pounds ($121,000) to the Brexit campaign in 2016. Three years later, Britain is preparing for recession -- or worse -- while the pound and U.K. stocks sink.

Hintze, the founder of $18 billion hedge fund CQS Management, is making preparations of his own to profit from the havoc Brexit is wreaking while negotiations are mired.

“Continued uncertainty surrounding the course of Brexit in the U.K. and the future path Europe will take is creating ongoing opportunities,” Hintze wrote in his mid-year review circulated this week. “Consumer and business confidence has been hit.”

He’s eyeing investments in companies that have come under pressure from seemingly indiscriminate selling. “Given the backdrop, many businesses which have otherwise sound business models have come under pressure and present us with idiosyncratic opportunities,” according to the note.

Key Speakers At The 2019 Milken Conference

Notable underperformers include Thomas Cook Group Plc, whose shares have lost more than 90% in the past year, and Boparan Holdings Ltd., a chicken producer whose bonds trade at about half their face value, according to the note. CQS has also held the distressed debt of British fashion chain New Look Retail Group.

Stressed Britain
More than a fifth of U.K. junk bonds trade at least 10 points below par

Notes: Sterling-equivalent amount outstanding of non-financial bonds with U.K. as country of risk and at least one speculative-grade rating. Distressed debt trades below 80, stressed between 80 and 90

Despite the malaise, Hintze sees some scope for newly anointed Prime Minister Boris Johnson to reach an understanding with the European Union.

“The EU have concessions ready which they did not ‘spend’ on his predecessor because they did not believe Mrs. May could win over MPs,” he wrote.

In the meantime, weakness in the pound has made U.K. assets “more attractive,” according to a CQS spokesman. Britain’s currency has fallen 7% against the dollar in the past six months, the most among Group of 10 nations.

Knighted for his services to charity, Hintze, a former Australian army captain, founded CQS in 1999 after having worked as a convertible-bond trader at Credit Suisse Group AG. He has supported the Conservative Party, including through donations to Johnson.

The firm’s spokesman declined to comment on whether Hintze’s politics inform his investment views.

CQS, which trades asset-backed securities, credit, convertibles, loans and equities, is best-known for its hedge fund strategies, though now it has more money in long-only funds. Assets under management have grown from $14.6 billion at the start of last year.

— With assistance by Tasos Vossos, and Laura Benitez

_________________
www.lawyerscommitteefor9-11inquiry.org
www.rethink911.org
www.patriotsquestion911.com
www.actorsandartistsfor911truth.org
www.mediafor911truth.org
www.pilotsfor911truth.org
www.mp911truth.org
www.ae911truth.org
www.rl911truth.org
www.stj911.org
www.v911t.org
www.thisweek.org.uk
www.abolishwar.org.uk
www.elementary.org.uk
www.radio4all.net/index.php/contributor/2149
http://utangente.free.fr/2003/media2003.pdf
"The maintenance of secrets acts like a psychic poison which alienates the possessor from the community" Carl Jung
https://37.220.108.147/members/www.bilderberg.org/phpBB2/
Back to top
View user's profile Send private message Visit poster's website MSN Messenger
Display posts from previous:   
Post new topic   Reply to topic    9/11, 7/7 & the War on Freedom Forum Index -> Pre-Planned Economic 9/11 - Global Financial Conspiracy All times are GMT
Page 1 of 1

 
Jump to:  
You cannot post new topics in this forum
You cannot reply to topics in this forum
You cannot edit your posts in this forum
You cannot delete your posts in this forum
You cannot vote in polls in this forum
You cannot attach files in this forum
You can download files in this forum


Powered by phpBB © 2001, 2005 phpBB Group